Dracula is a genus that includes about a hundred species of evergreen orchids, originating in central and southern America, found mainly in Ecuador. They can be epiphytes or terricolous; most have medium dimensions, around 20-25 cm in height, but there are also miniature species. The leaves are ribbon-like, pointed, often crossed by deep veins; at the base of the tufts of leaves grows a long stem, often pendulous, which generally bears a single flower, large in size, of various colors, from yellow to purple. The dracula flowers have a particular triangular shape, and petals with a long thin spur, similar to a long tail; moreover, the petals often have streaks or pitting, on the edge or on the whole surface, of a purple or brown color.
Their name means small dragon, given the particularity of their flowers, even if then their name has been associated with the famous Count Dracula, perhaps also for the fact that this genus of orchid grows in shady and misty areas, also characteristic of its own settings in the history of Count Dracula.
These orchids must be kept in a place with a soft brightness, away from direct sun rays, especially during the summer months, since leaf burns can quickly arise. These orchids don't like cold weather, therefore in the winter they should be kept in the house or in a greenhouse, taking care to find a place with a good exchange of air.
They need a humid and cool environment, since the ideal temperatures are around 18 ° C during the day and 12 ° C at night. Temperatures above 25 ° C can cause suffering to this variety; in this case it is necessary to proceed with frequent water vaporizations to lower the temperature and increase the environmental humidity, a fundamental factor for the well-being of plants of this type.
They love environments with good air circulation.