Question: Propagation of peonies
Good morning I have a question to ask you regarding peonies. I wanted to know if the peonies are reproducing by cuttings or by grafts I am waiting for a vs. reply
Propagation of peonies: Answer: Propagation of peonies
Dear Maria Luisa,
Thank you for contacting us regarding the reproduction of peonies.
The normally cultivated Peony (Paeonia lactiflora) belongs to the ranunculaceae family, a perennial and shrubby herbaceous plant cultivated for ornamental use.
Although they are undemanding plants in terms of lighting, they grow best if kept in a bright position (not in full sun), medium humidity in the soil and are grown in fresh and fertile soils. Peonies can be multiplied by seed, however it is not very advisable as the seeds often germinate slowly and the plants obtained begin to bloom after 7-8 years.
Among the methods of reproduction of these plants, the most suitable one is the vegetative propagation or cutting, and consists in rooting the branches of the defined mother plant taken at a suitable time and kept in conditions of high humidity. To answer you directly, we recommend that you take "cuttings" from lateral branches of the "mother" Peony, at least 7-10 cm long, in the period of September - October, to root them by helping them with products based on rhizogenic hormones.
Once rooted, the cuttings must be placed in 7-8 cm containers filled with soil and left to develop until the following spring where they will be placed in the nursery and left to grow for a few years before putting them permanently in the ground or in a larger pot .
A rooting hormone in powder form, it promotes the downward transport of hormones and the accumulation of auxins in the basal region of the cutting to favor the emission and formation of the first roots. It must be used before the planting of cuttings. It is very simple to use: the base of the cutting is immersed (the last 3-5 cm) in water, then the same part is taken and placed in the Rigenal P powder, the excess powder is removed and the piece is put branch in the substrate.
You must be very careful to respect the polarity (put the basal part in the ground) because it is very easy to be mistaken since you are dealing with small pieces of branch, for this reason it is always useful to keep leaves to remember the correct "direction". Rooting takes place on average in about 30-40 days and is favored by frequent nebulizations on the aerial part and by rooting hormones on the ground part.